Fuster D, Viñolas N, Mallafré C, Pavia J, Martín F, Pons F
Non-invasive imaging methods in the evaluation of chemotherapy response in malignant tumours are currently being explored. Standard Nuclear Medicine procedures seem to offer the clinician a promising tool in the management of those oncologic patients, who might benefit from chemotherapy. Early studies focused on the relationship between radionuclides used in tumour diagnosis and factors associated with multidrug resistance (MDR). The tumour expression of P-glycoprotein (Pgp) and multidrug resistance-related protein-1 expression (MRP) have been suggested as important factors in the failure of chemotherapy. Most studies found an association between Pgp levels and (99m)Tc-sestamibi ((99m)Tc-MIBI) or (99m)Tc-Tetrofosmin uptake ((99m)Tc-TF). Currently investigations in nuclear medicine oncology are focusing on the potential role of radionuclide imaging in the assessment of chemotherapy. Recent papers discuss the usefulness of radionuclides as (99m)Tc-MIBI and (99m)Tc-TF as non-invasive procedures to predict and to monitor therapy response in patients affected by malignant tumours treatable using chemotherapy. This chapter will review the latest development in (99m)Tc-TF, giving an overview of recent investigations carried out using this radiotracer in therapy oncology, with emphasis on its potential role as predictor of tumour response.