Affordability of Fruits and Vegetables and Dietary Quality Worldwide

Lee A

The major preventable risk factor contributing to the burden of disease worldwide is a poor diet, including inadequate fruit and vegetable consumption.1,2 In many low-income and middle-income countries, undernutrition—ie, not having enough food—has been a major concern. However, the diet-related burden of disease in these regions is shifting towards non-communicable diseases, such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and some cancers. Improving nutrition in all countries now requires both interventions to reduce the intake of harmful foods high in saturated fat, added sugar, and salt, and interventions to increase consumption of healthy foods, such as fruits and vegetables.

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